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7 Different Kinds Of Lies ...And What Each One Means

Why do people lie?
And what is someone most likley to lie about?

From a psychological point of view, generally people lie out of fear. They have some root insecurity that’s causing them to lie and often do it as a means to maintain a certain image of some kind.

Of course not all lies are as a result of fear as lies fall into many different categories such as:

  • White lies
  • Noble lies
  • A lie to a child
  • Story fabrication etc

With so many lie types, in this article i'm going to examine the reasons that cause people to lie and the lie type involved in each.

7 Fundamental Reasons Why People Lie

  1. Personal Reasons: A personal reason why one might lie would include lying as a means of escaping punishment. It’s only natural to want to avoid punishment and in this instant lying becomes a natural reflex. It's most commonly seen in children. Another personal cause for lying would include lying as a way of increasing your social standing amongst peers. This often has the characteristic of exaggeration as you try and mislead people into thinking a certain way about you.

  2. Intimate Reasons: It’s not only our peers we can lie to but also our partner. We want to give them the best impression of us as possible and in doing so we try and put forth our best image. However, over the course of a long relationship, this image will become harder and harder to portray as the other individual gets to know us better. As a result, this class of lying commonly results in break-ups as the individuals in the relationship start to realize that their partner wasn't as good as they had initially thought and start to think they made a bad decision. The old saying of "Always be yourself" holds strong ground in this regard.

  3. Social Reasons: Social reasons for lying can include the need to keep friendships intact and avoid unnecessary arguments. These are generally known as white lies as there’s no malicious intent behind the lying. They can also include lying as a means of protecting ones own privacy. While lying is generally thought of as a harmful thing, it shouldn't really be considered harmful if you do it from the point of view of trying to avoid hurting someone.

  4. Omission Lying: This is where you tell a story and leave out parts thus giving a different spin on the story. People use omission lying as a way of technically avoiding lying. However, the fact remains that if leaving certain facts out of a story paints the story in a different light - you have in essence lied. We often see this in business where the salesman willingly keeps secrets about say a cars mechanical worthiness so as to ensure he makes the sale.

  5. Noble Lying: Nobel lying is where you lie with the intent to make things better than they would otherwise be if you had told the truth. An example of this is telling an individual that they are good looking when they are only average looking, or when policemen say everything is under control so as not to cause unnecessary panic to members of the public.

  6. Fabrication: Sometimes a person won't want to admit they don't know a certain fact and so will make up information about it to the other person. While it's not done to deliberately mislead the other individual, it can have this effect if the person takes their word as fact.

  7. Compulsive Lying: People who suffer from this are called compulsive liars, as they lie constantly and for no apparent need or cause. Being truthful about things becomes impossible as lying becomes the norm. The individual usually acquires compulsive lying syndrome in adolescence and early detection is important to combat it effectively. It also needs to be identified as it may indicate another underlying mental health problem. Whilst compulsive liars generally don't mean any harm by their lying, it can still cause many social problems for the individual and so counseling and/or therapy should be sought.

Final Thoughts

Understanding the above reasons for why do people lie should clarify the reasons why a particular individual you know lies. As you can see there are many different reasons for why a person lies but if you identify the correct reason then you will know exactly how to deal with it.

Having examined the reasons for why do people lie, you should also now examine the indicators that show you when an individual is lying or not. Usually you can do this by examining their body language, eye movements and examining their over all story in relation to these. Check out the articles below on how to spot these lying signs.